What is Thanksgiving?

It is that time of year again – Thanksgiving!

It’s a time for food and family. To see how you can help your child learn about how food and celebrations go hand in hand, visit our post on “Using food to celebrate.
With this lesson, we are learning about the story of Thanksgiving.

We made a questions board for Thanksgiving. A questions board is a piece of paper (or in our case, cardboard with construction paper on top), where you introduce a topic and let the kids ask questions. Then you can spend the week going over the answer to the questions. If they are old enough, the kids can write their questions on paper and stick them to the board themselves. In our case, I wrote the questions. If no one has any questions, you can ask them questions about the topic and if they don’t know the answer, then the question goes on the board.

When I introduced Thanksgiving as the topic, the questions we had were:

1. What is Thanksgiving?
2. Who celebrates Thanksgiving?
3. Why do we celebrate Thanksgiving?
4. Why do I have to eat turkey?
5. How come we don’t put up Christmas decorations until after Thanksgiving?
6. Am I only allowed to be thankful on Thanksgiving?
7. Why are there 3 football games and a parade on Thanksgiving? (This question came in response to why there won’t be any Mickey Mouse Clubhouse on Thanksgiving morning.).
8. What is a Turkey Bowl?

So I decided to start with the first question: What is Thanksgiving?

I used the Thanksgiving story from this website. I really liked it and it was easy to print out – which is always a plus (I will include it below).

Then I had the following reading comprehension questions:

1. Who celebrated the first Thanksgiving?

2. What were they giving thanks for?

3. How did they celebrate Thanksgiving?

4. Why do you think we celebrate it now?

Then we got to draw our idea of a Thanksgiving. My kids love art, so drawing is a plus for them. Nicholas kept asking me to repeat parts of the story so he could draw the correct things on the table and the right people. I was going to post his picture up here, but really you can’t tell what it is unless he’s describing the picture to you. My daughter’s picture is even more interesting. And I was certainly not posting my picture, because I can’t draw. It’s simply not one of my talents.

Finally, I pulled out a piece of scrapbooking paper that had clouds on it. I wanted my kids to write down some things they were thankful for. We started off with the traditional list: Family, God, Grandma, toys, Daddy (because he doesn’t count in family). Then I asked them questions about what else they were thankful for. Nicholas cam up with some more: Lightening McQueen (from Cars), horse back riding lessons, toys (it came up again), candy, and television. Abby just kept saying dolls, Minnie Mouse, and Daisy Duck. I think she thought we were listing things that we like.

I wrote them on the piece of paper and put it up on the wall. Form now until Thursday we will be adding one thing a day to it. I added running water today because I had to defrost the turkey – which wouldn’t have happened without running water. Nicholas added rain and clouds to the list before he went to bed.

Here’s the story we used, copied from the website above.

The First Thanksgiving

by Nora Smith

Praying PilgrimsNearly four hundred years ago, a great many of the people in England were very unhappy because their king would not let them pray to God as they liked. The king said they must use the same prayers that he did; and if they would not do this, they were often thrown into prison, or perhaps driven away from home.

“Let us go away from this country,” said the unhappy Englishmen to each other; and so they left their homes, and went far off to a country called Holland. It was about this time that they began to call themselves “Pilgrims.” Pilgrims, you know, are people who are always traveling to find something they love, or to find a land where they can be happier; and these English men and women were journeying, they said, “from place to place, toward heaven, their dearest country.”

In Holland, the Pilgrims were quiet and happy for a while, but they were very poor; and when the children began to grow up, they were not like English children, but talked Dutch, like the little ones of Holland, and some grew naughty and did not want to go to church any more.

“This will never do,” said the Pilgrim fathers and mothers; so after much talking and thinking and writing they made up their minds to come here to America. They hired two vessels, called the Mayflower and the Speedwell, to take them across the sea; but the Speedwell was not a strong ship, and the captain had to take her home again before she had gone very far.

The Mayflower went back, too. Part of the Speedwell’s passengers were given to her, and then she started alone across the great ocean.

There were one hundred people on board – mothers and fathers, brothers and sisters and little children. They were very crowded; it was cold and uncomfortable; the sea was rough, and pitched the Mayflower about, and they were two months sailing over the water.

The children cried many times on the journey, and wished they had never come on the tiresome ship that rocked them so hard, and would not let them keep still a minute.

But they had one pretty plaything to amuse them, for in the middle of the great ocean a Pilgrim baby was born, and they called him “Oceanus,” for his birthplace. When the children grew so tired that they were cross and fretful, Oceanus’ mother let them come and play with him, and that always brought smiles and happy faces back again.

At last the Mayflower came in sight of land; but if the children had been thinking of grass and flowers and birds, they must have been very much disappointed, for the month was cold November, and there was nothing to be seen but rocks and sand and hard bare ground.

Some of the Pilgrim fathers, with brave Captain Myles Standish at their head, went on shore to see if they could find any houses or white people. But they only saw some Indians, who ran away from them, and found some Indian huts and some corn buried in holes in the ground. They went to and fro from the ship three times, till by and by they found a pretty place to live, where there were “fields and little running brooks.”

Then at last all the tired Pilgrims landed from the ship on a spot now called Plymouth Rock, and the first house was begun on Christmas Day. But when I tell you how sick they were and how much they suffered that first winter, you will be very sad and sorry for them. The weather was cold, the snow fell fast and thick, the wind was icy, and the Pilgrim fathers had no one to help them cut down the trees and build their church and their houses.

The Pilgrim mothers helped all they could; but they were tired with the long journey, and cold, and hungry too, for no one had the right kind of food to eat, nor even enough of it.

So first one was taken sick, and then another, till half of them were in bed at the same time, Brave Myles Standish and the other soldiers nursed them as well as they knew how; but before spring came half of the people died and had gone at last to “heaven, their dearest country.”

But by and by the sun shone more brightly, the snow melted, the leaves began to grow, and sweet spring had come again.

Some friendly Indians had visited the Pilgrims during the winter, and Captain Myles Standish, with several of his men, had returned the visit.

One of the kind Indians was called Squanto, and he came to stay with the Pilgrims, and showed them how to plant their corn, and their pease and wheat and barley.

When the summer came and the days were long and bright, the Pilgrim children were very happy, and they thought Plymouth a lovely place indeed. All kinds of beautiful wild flowers grew at their doors, there were hundreds of birds and butterflies, and the great pine woods were always cool and shady when the sun was too bright.

When it was autumn the fathers gathered the barley and wheat and corn that they had planted, and found that it had grown so well that they would have quite enough for the long winter that was coming.

“Let us thank God for it all,” they said. “It is He who has made the sun shine and the rain fall and the corn grow.” So they thanked God in their homes and in their little church; the fathers and the mothers and the children thanked Him.

“Then,” said the Pilgrim mothers, “let us have a great Thanksgiving party, and invite the friendly Indians, and all rejoice together.”

So they had the first Thanksgiving party, and a grand one it was! Four men went out shooting one whole day, and brought back so many wild ducks and geese and great wild turkeys that there was enough for almost a week. There was deer meat also, of course, for there were plenty of fine deer in the forest. Then the Pilgrim mothers made the corn and wheat into bread and cakes, and they had fish and clams from the sea besides.

The friendly Indians all came with their chief Massasoit. Every one came that was invited, and more, I dare say, for there were ninety of them altogether.

They brought five deer with them, that they gave to the Pilgrims; and they must have liked the party very much, for they stayed three days.

Kind as the Indians were, you would have been very much frightened if you had seen them; and the baby Oceanus, who was a year old then, began to cry at first whenever they came near him.

They were dressed in deerskins, and some of them had the furry coat of a wild cat hanging on their arms. Their long black hair fell loose on their shoulders, and was trimmed with feathers or fox-tails. They had their faces painted in all kinds of strange ways, some with black stripes as broad as your finger all up and down them. But whatever they wore, it was their very best, and they had put it on for the Thanksgiving party.

Each meal, before they ate anything, the Pilgrims and the Indians thanked God together for all his goodness. The Indians sang and danced in the evenings, and every day they ran races and played all kinds of games with the children.

Then sometimes the Pilgrims with their guns, and the Indians with their bows and arrows, would see who could shoot farthest and best. So they were glad and merry and thankful for three whole days.

The Pilgrim mothers and fathers had been sick and sad many times since they landed from the Mayflower; they had worked very hard, often had not had enough to eat, and were mournful indeed when their friends died and left them. But now they tried to forget all this, and think only of how good God had been to them; and so they all were happy together at the first Thanksgiving party.

All this happened nearly four hundred years ago, and ever since that time Thanksgiving has been kept in our country.

Every year our fathers and grandfathers and great-grandfathers have “rejoiced together” like the Pilgrims, and have had something to be thankful for each time.

Every year some father has told the story of the brave Pilgrims to his little sons and daughters, and has taught them to be very glad and proud that the Mayflower came sailing to our country so many years ago.


Using food to celebrate.

As humans we use food to celebrate. As families we have traditional food. Part of learning about your culture, for a child, is learning about the food.

With Thanksgiving drawing closer and closer, I decided to have Nicholas think about food as part of his life. We sat down with a piece of paper and wrote down different holidays. I spelled them for him, but he was responsible for writing the word for each holiday out. Then we went through each holiday he wrote, and I asked the question: What food do we use to celebrate this holiday.

Sometimes the responses were very predictable: We use cake to celebrate birthdays and watermelon to celebrate summer and marshmallows when we are camping. Other times he surprised me: We use Costco ice cream to celebrate soccer games, pizza to celebrate football games, and candy to celebrate Halloween. After he gave all his answers, he had to draw a picture of each food next to (in some cases, over) the word he wrote for the holiday.

Then I told him that Thanksgiving was coming up and we sometimes celebrate Thanksgiving with turkey and ham (which he already knew) and pie. He got very excited when I mentioned pie.

Then I handed him this worksheet.  The worksheet is a free download that I put up on Teachers Pay Teachers. You have to sign up for an account, but the download is free.

The worksheet asks him to list the ingredients for a food. In this case, we were going to use pie. So I took out all the ingredients to make apple pie and I laid them down on the counter. Then he got to draw them all in the top box. Then we actually made an apple pie.

When he got to the next box on the worksheet entitled “To make,” he had to draw a picture of what the ingredients make. Lastly, he had to write the word “Thanksgiving” in the final box because we make apple pie to celebrate Thanksgiving.

He completed the worksheet just fine and we go to have apple pie as a treat.

When we were done with the pie he said, “Now we need to practice celebrating the day after Thanksgiving with some strawberry ice cream. I need to fill out another worksheet.” I could only laugh.

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